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Year 1870 Timeline
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January 02, 1870    

Construction of Brooklyn Bridge begins

  
  
  
  
January 03, 1870    

Brooklyn Bridge construction begins; completed May 24, 1883

  
  
  
  
January 08, 1870    

US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins

  
  
  
  
January 10, 1870    

Georgia legislature reconvenes

  
  
  
  
January 10, 1870    

John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

  
  
  
  
January 15, 1870    

Donkey 1st used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly

  
  
  
  
January 16, 1870    

Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War

  
  
  
  
January 20, 1870    

City of Boston vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

  
  
  
  
January 20, 1870    

Hiram R Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis

  
  
  
  
January 23, 1870    

173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army

  
  
  
  
January 25, 1870    

Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows

  
  
  
  
January 26, 1870    

Virginia rejoins US

  
  
  
  
January 27, 1870    

1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)

  
  
  
  
January 27, 1870    

After accepting 15th amendment, VA is readmitted to Union

  
  
  
  
January 27, 1870    

Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated

  
  
  
  
February 02, 1870    

Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum

  
  
  
  
February 02, 1870    

Mark Twain, 34, marries Olivia Langdon in Elmira, NY

  
  
  
  
February 03, 1870    

15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed

  
  
  
  
February 05, 1870    

1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia

  
  
  
  
February 09, 1870    

US Army establishes US National Weather Service

  
  
  
  
February 10, 1870    

City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)

  
  
  
  
February 10, 1870    

YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) forms (NYC)

  
  
  
  
February 12, 1870    

Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada

  
  
  
  
February 15, 1870    

Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn

  
  
  
  
February 17, 1870    

Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge

  
  
  
  
February 17, 1870    

Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War

  
  
  
  
February 23, 1870    

Mississippi is readmitted to US

  
  
  
  
February 25, 1870    

Hiram Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)

  
  
  
  
February 26, 1870    

1st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)

  
  
  
  
March 07, 1870    

Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East

  
  
  
  
March 14, 1870    

Calif legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible

  
  
  
  
March 17, 1870    

Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary

  
  
  
  
March 18, 1870    

1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland Calif)

  
  
  
  
March 19, 1870    

The opera Guarany, premieres in Milan

  
  
  
  
March 30, 1870    

15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race

  
  
  
  
March 30, 1870    

Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union

  
  
  
  
March 31, 1870    

1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)

  
  
  
  
April 02, 1870    

Victoria Woodhull is 1st woman to be nominated for US pres

  
  
  
  
April 04, 1870    

Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800

  
  
  
  
April 09, 1870    

American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves

  
  
  
  
April 13, 1870    

Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC

  
  
  
  
April 15, 1870    

Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada

  
  
  
  
April 16, 1870    

Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London

  
  
  
  
April 27, 1870    

Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi

  
  
  
  
May 10, 1870    

Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch

  
  
  
  
May 12, 1870    

Manitoba becomes a province of Canada

  
  
  
  
May 20, 1870    

Second Chamber abolishes capital punishment

  
  
  
  
May 24, 1870    

Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US

  
  
  
  
May 25, 1870    

Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Qu‚bec

  
  
  
  
May 31, 1870    

Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)

  
  
  
  
May 31, 1870    

E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement

  
  
  
  
June 04, 1870    

4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59«

  
  
  
  
June 05, 1870    

Constantinople in fire; 900 die

  
  
  
  
June 09, 1870    

Washington: Pres Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud

  
  
  
  
June 11, 1870    

1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam

  
  
  
  
June 14, 1870    

All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games

  
  
  
  
June 22, 1870    

1st Boardwalk in America invented

  
  
  
  
June 22, 1870    

Congress creates Department of Justice

  
  
  
  
June 25, 1870    

Opera Die Walkre is produced (Munich)

  
  
  
  
June 26, 1870    

1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens

  
  
  
  
June 26, 1870    

Wagner's opera Valkyrie premieres in Munich

  
  
  
  
June 30, 1870    

Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate

  
  
  
  
July 01, 1870    

James W Smith of SC is 1st black to enter West Point

  
  
  
  
July 08, 1870    

Congress authorizes registration of trademarks

  
  
  
  
July 08, 1870    

Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection

  
  
  
  
July 13, 1870    

King Wilhelm of Prussia sends Emser D‚pˆche on Bismarck

  
  
  
  
July 15, 1870    

Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US

  
  
  
  
July 15, 1870    

Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created

  
  
  
  
July 15, 1870    

Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada

  
  
  
  
July 18, 1870    

Pontifical infalliability proclaimed

  
  
  
  
July 19, 1870    

France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins

  
  
  
  
July 23, 1870    

Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eug‚nie as Regent of France

  
  
  
  
July 24, 1870    

1st trans-US rail service begins

  
  
  
  
July 30, 1870    

Staten Island ferry Westfield burns, killing 100

  
  
  
  
August 04, 1870    

British Red Cross Society forms

  
  
  
  
August 06, 1870    

Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France

  
  
  
  
August 06, 1870    

White conservatives suppresed black vote & captured Tenn legislature

  
  
  
  
August 08, 1870    

Magic (US) defeats Cambria (Engld) in 2nd running of America's Cup

  
  
  
  
August 15, 1870    

Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado

  
  
  
  
August 16, 1870    

Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion

  
  
  
  
August 17, 1870    

1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington

  
  
  
  
August 17, 1870    

Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)

  
  
  
  
August 18, 1870    

Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties

  
  
  
  
September 01, 1870    

Napoleon III captured at Sedan

  
  
  
  
September 02, 1870    

Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies

  
  
  
  
September 04, 1870    

3rd French republic proclaimed as they overthrow their king

  
  
  
  
September 06, 1870    

Ship sinks in Gulf of Biskaje; 483 die

  
  
  
  
September 08, 1870    

Neth & Engl sign Koelietraktaat Br-Indian contract work in Suriname

  
  
  
  
September 10, 1870    

Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms

  
  
  
  
September 15, 1870    

Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)

  
  
  
  
September 19, 1870    

Siege of Paris begins

  
  
  
  
September 20, 1870    

Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French

  
  
  
  
September 20, 1870    

Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

  
  
  
  
September 20, 1870    

Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel

  
  
  
  
October 02, 1870    

Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital

  
  
  
  
October 07, 1870    

L‚on Gambetta flees Paris in balloon

  
  
  
  
October 09, 1870    

Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree

  
  
  
  
October 13, 1870    

Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert

  
  
  
  
October 19, 1870    

1st (4) blacks elected to House of Reps

  
  
  
  
October 19, 1870    

British SS Cambria leaves for Noth sea coast, 196 killed

  
  
  
  
October 25, 1870    

Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore

  
  
  
  
October 25, 1870    

Postcards 1st used in US

  
  
  
  
November 01, 1870    

US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)

  
  
  
  
November 08, 1870    

Democratic governor elected in Tennessee

  
  
  
  
November 15, 1870    

Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union

  
  
  
  
November 16, 1870    

Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I

  
  
  
  
November 27, 1870    

NY Times dubs baseball The National Game

  
  
  
  
November 29, 1870    

Compulsory education proclaimed in England

  
  
  
  
December 06, 1870    

Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Reps (SC)

  
  
  
  
December 12, 1870    

Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps

  
  
  
  
December 22, 1870    

Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse

  
  
  
  
December 31, 1870    

J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done)

  
  
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